Aviation security comprises endeavours aimed at safeguarding civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference. This task is carried out to the fullest extent in accordance with the national laws and regulations, by-laws and adopted programs on the basis of international standards established by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), the European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC), and the European Union.

In 2004, the Government of the Republic of Serbia adopted the Civil Aviation Security Programme of the Republic of Serbia which is the basic act for the implementation of the security measures.
The same year, the Government of the Republic of Serbia formed the Civil Aviation Security Committee as a permanent interdepartmental coordination group with the main objective to coordinate the implementation of established security policies between different bodies engaged in the enforcement of civil aviation security measures, and to give recommendations to competent authorities for establishing the security policies in the field of civil aviation.
In accordance with the Air Transport Law and the Civil Aviation Security Programme of the Republic of Serbia, the Council of the Directorate approved both the Civil Aviation Security Training Programme and the Civil Aviation Security Quality Control Programme. These two programmes ensure that all personnel employed in civil aviation are trained in accordance with the international standards and that these standards are complied with. Furthermore, it ensures the continual oversight of the enforcement of the security measures and enables the security system to be maintained at the appropriate level.

ICAO, ECAC and European Commission experts perform regular audits of the civil aviation security system of the Republic of Serbia. Following the basic and follow-up audits of the entire civil aviation safety system, the experts have so far reported a high level of harmonisation with the international standards.